Synthesis of Fault-Tolerant Distributed Algorithms

### Fault-Tolerant Interactive Consistency

We synthesized an algorithm for achieving interative consistency in presence of transient, non-malicious and asymmetric faults. The work is described in detail in a NFM 2014 paper.

Here are some SAL models used for performing synthesis.

### Draper Clock-Synchronization Protocol

In 1973, Daly, Hopkins, and McKenna (from Draper Lab.) presented a fault-tolerant digital clocking system at the FTCS conference. This is probably one of the first published system designs that is intended to tolerate arbitrary, asymmetric faults (i.e., Byzantine faults).

The following SAL models (05/14/2012) are two variant formalizations of this Draper Clock-Synchronization Protocol developed by Ashish Tiwari.

We also used QBF solvers to synthesize deterministic Byzantine consensus procedures. The following SAL models (08/19/2013) were used to perform synthesis. Note that the models have uninitialized parameters - and hence SAL will be unable to prove anything interesting about them. The models were used as automatically construct an input for a QBF solver.
Brief summary of the synthesis results: In general, most synthesis results were negative; i.e., there exist no deterministic Byzantine fault-tolerant consensus algorithms. For case when faulty clock is disallowed ONE specific behavior, we can synthesize a deterministic consensus algorithm. When the faulty clock can send values in the set {Null,1} or in the set {Null,0}, but not values in the set {0,1}, then the result is the same: no deterministic algorithm exists. If we force the faulty clock to also 'behave' and follow the protocol that the good clocks are following, and then send values from {Null,1} if its value is 1 and values from the set {Null,0} if its value is 0, then the result, surprisingly, is STILL THE SAME. If bad clock is forced to remain bad in the same way for 2 time steps, then we get a positive result: in fact, two different solutions were synthesized.

### Dijkstra's Reaching Mutual Exclution

We synthesized the second solution in Dijkstra's paper on an algorithm for reaching a state where \$n\$ processes in a ring get mutually exclusive turn to execute.

Here are some SAL models used for performing synthesis.

SAL files referenced in the paper "Synthesis of a simple self-stabilizing system".

### Publications

• A. Gascon and A. Tiwari, "A Synthesized Algorithm for Interactive Consistency". pdf. In NFM 2014.

### Talks/Lectures

This page is maintained by Ashish Tiwari.
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