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[1] P. A. David and M. den Besten. Rivalry and the rules of the game in collective invention processes: Effort and performance by the ensemble of MatLab contest participants under alternative information access conditions., Jan. 2010. [ bib ]
[2] S. A. Geerts. Discovering crowdsourcing. Theory, classification and directions for use. Master's thesis, Department Industrial Engineering and Innovation Sciences. Technical University of Eindhoven, Feb. 2009. [ bib ]
[3] N. Gulley and K. R. Lakhani. The determinants of individual performance and collective value in private-collective software innovation. Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit, Feb. 2010. Working Paper No. 10-065. [ bib | www: ]
We investigate if the actions by individuals in creating effective new innovations are aligned with the reuse of those innovations by others in a private-collective software development context. This relationship is studied in the setting of eleven “wiki-like” programming contests, where contest submissions are open for reuse by others, each involving more than one hundred contributors and several thousand attempts to generate, over a one-week period, the “best” software solution to a difficult programming challenge. We find that greater amounts of new code and novel recombinations of others' code, in a contest submission, increases both the probability of achieving top rank and the subsequent reuse by others in their own submission (community value). While, increasing use of borrowed code in a submission reduces the probability of achieving top rank, but increases the community value of the submission. Code structures that are more non-conforming to commonly accepted programming conventions similarly increase the probability of generating a top performer, but reduce subsequent reuse by others. Surprisingly, greater code complexity in a submission increases both the odds of generating a top performing entry and its community value. We discuss the implications of these findings in light of the literature on private-collective innovation with an emphasis on the importance of considering both individual and community perspectives as they relate to knowledge creation, reuse and recombination for innovation.

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The .bib file was last modified on 15:06:42 Nov 14 2011